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Ciloxan Medication - Uses & Side Effects

Generic Name: Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride

CIPROFLOXACIN (Ciloxan®) is an antibiotic. It treats some infections of the eye that cause corneal ulcers or conjunctivitis. Generic ciprofloxacin eye solution is available. Ciloxan® ophthalmic solution and Ciloxan® ophthalmic ointment are indicated for the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of microorganisms in conjunctivitis (solution and ointment) and corneal ulcers (solution only). Ciloxan solution and ointment contain ciprofloxacin, a fluoroquinolone antibacterial that is active against a broad spectrum of ocular pathogens and delivers both penetration and potency.

Ciloxan Dosage

  • Apply a 1.25 cm ribbon of ophthalmic ointment into the conjunctival sac 3 times a day on the first 2 days and then apply a 1.25 cm ribbon 2 times a day for the next 5 days.
  • Apply 2 drops in the affected eye every 15 minutes for the first 6 hours, then every 30 minutes for the rest of the first day. On the second day, apply 2 drops every hour. On the third through fourteenth days, apply 2 drops every 4 hours. Treatment can continue for more than 14 days if healing doesn't occur.

Uses of Ciloxan

  • Ciloxan is an antibiotic used in the treatment of eye infections.
  • The solution can also be used to treat ulcers or sores on the cornea (the transparent covering over the pupil).

Side Effects of Ciloxan

Side effects of ciloxan include:

  • Eye stinging or burning on application
  • Red eye due to increased blood supply to the eye (hyperaemia)
  • Eye itching
  • Eye pain
  • Formation of crust on the margin of eyelid
  • Swelling of the eyelid
  • Dislike of light (photophobia)
  • Metallic taste
  • Skin inflammation (dermatitis)
  • Nausea
  • Inflammation of the surface of the eye (keratitis)
  • Overgrowth of tissue and colour change in the eye (corneal infiltrates and staining)

Warnings and precautions before taking Ciloxan:

  • This medicine must not be taken by mouth.
  • You should not wear contact lenses while you are using Ciloxan to treat an eye infection.
  • When using the eye drops or eye ointment you should take care to not touch the tip of the dropper or tube to any surface, or to your eye, in order to avoid contaminating the medicine.
  • If you get a skin rash or any other sign of allergic reaction after using this medicine, you should stop using it and consult your doctor immediately.

Drug Interaction :-

There is no information on interactions with Ciloxan. When taken internally, however, ciprofloxacin is known to interact with the following

  • Caffeine
  • Cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune)
  • Theophylline (Theo-Dur)
  • Warfarin (Coumadin)
  • A topical overdose of CILOXAN may be flushed from the eye(s) with warm tap water.

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