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Insulin Medication - Uses & Side Effects

Generic Name: Apidra

Insulin is used to treat or control the blood sugar and many people have diabetes used insulin to control their blood sugar (glucose). Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas.  Insulin provide helps to utilize blood glucose (blood sugar) in the body by binding with receptors on cells like a key would fit into a lock.  When the insulin will unlocked the door, then glucose may move from the blood into the cell.  Glucose is used for the energy, because it provide the more energy to the body or stored for future use in the form of glycogen in liver or muscle cells.

when you are taking insulin, but it is not effecting the body then effects of insulin is decreasing, that type of condition is known as Insulin resistance (IR) because the cells of the body become resistant to the effects of insulin, that is, the normal response to a given amount of insulin is reduced. Insulin is a hormone and it is naturally produced by the pancreas. Insulin provide help to the body to use the sugar in food as a source of energy.

Insulin Dosage

  • You should take insulin as specify by your doctor and how much, when, and how often to inject it. When you will changes in food, activity, illness, medication, pregnancy, exercise, travel, or your work schedule then your dosage may affected. If you want proper control of your diabetes then touch in your doctor and constant cooperation with your doctor. Because if you are using insulin not in proper way, it may result in serious and potentially fatal complications.
  • Insulin should not be used by children under age 12.

Uses of Insulin

  • Insulin glargine is used to treat diabetes mellitus.
  • Insulin glargine may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

Side Effects of Insulin

When you are using Insulin, then the possible side effects may occur. Symptoms of insulin may include:

  • Abnormal behavior
  • anxiety
  • blurred vision
  • cold sweat
  • confusion
  • depressed mood
  • dizziness
  • drowsiness
  • fatigue
  • headache
  • hunger
  • inability to concentrate
  • light-headedness
  • nausea
  • nervousness
  • personality changes
  • rapid heartbeat

Warnings and precautions before taking Insulin:

  • First remove your pump and remote control from the teratment area and take your pump and remote control off, If you are going to have an X-ray, CT scan, MRI, or any other type of radiation therapy.
  • Do not use any lubricants on the pump mechanism and do not use hot air to dry your pump because it can damage your pump's internal electronics.
  • Do not used any other type of insulin or even the model and brand of syringe or needle without talking to your doctor, Because the improper use of syringe may cause serious effects or may use of dosage improper.

Drug Interaction :-

Do not start any other specific medicine with Insulin without talking to your doctor, Because it may decreased, increased or altered the effect of Insulin. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Insulin with the following medicine:

  • ACE inhibitors such as the blood pressure medications Accupril and
  • Lotensin
  • Anabolic steroids such as Anadrol-50
  • Appetite suppressants such as Tenuate
  • Aspirin
  • Beta-blocking blood pressure medicines such as Tenormin and
  • Lopressor
  • Diuretics such as Lasix and Dyazide
  • Epinephrine (EpiPen)
  • Estrogens such as Premarin
  • Isoniazid (Nydrazid)
  • Major tranquilizers such as Mellaril and Thorazine
  • MAO inhibitors (drugs such as the antidepressants Nardil and
  • Parnate)
  • Niacin (Nicobid)
  • Octreotide (Sandostatin)
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Oral drugs for diabetes such as Diabinese and Orinase
  • Phenytoin (Dilantin)
  • Steroid medications such as prednisone
  • Sulfa antibiotics such as Bactrim and Septra
  • Thyroid medications such as Synthroid
Overdose

If you feel the overdose is suspected, then contact to your doctor immediately. Symptoms of an insulin overdose reflect very low blood sugar levels and include:

  • headache
  • irregular heartbeat
  • increased heart rate or pulse
  • sweating
  • tremor
  • nausea
  • increased hunger
  • and anxiety
  • Depressed mood
  • dizziness
  • drowsiness
  • fatigue
  • headache
  • hunger
  • inability to concentrate
  • irritability
  • nausea

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